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Fertilizers...info & specs
By-Products and Bio-Fuels for Sale
Biodiesel is made from sustainable renewable resources that are abundant and available right here in the United States. It is made from plant oils, animal fats and even recycled grease and works in conventional diesel engines, with one major exception - biodiesel significantly reduces harmful emissions.
A proven alternative
Learn more about one of the fastest growing alternative fuels that we can make right here at home while making our environment cleaner and helping to grow the economy. The Future of Fuel is here.
Sustainability: Meeting today's needs for environmental stewardship, economic prosperity, and quality of life without compromising future generations' ability to meet these needs for themselves.
Sustainable Biodiesel: Demonstrates environmental stewardship across its lifecycle by maximizing net energy balance and minimizing negative impacts on natural ecosystems, globally and locally; Adds value, creates wealth, and enhances quality of life for the entire community of stakeholders.
Types of Biofuels
There are two types of biofuel: biodiesel made from plant oils and bioethanol made by fermenting grains. These can be used in unmodified diesel and petrol engines respectively when blended with conventional diesel and petrol. The vast majority of biofuels on sale in Britain actually include no more than 5% biodiesel or bioethanol to 95% conventional fuel, in compliance with British and European Union approved standards.
Most manufacturers argue higher concentrations would damage conventional engines, although critics point out that they are used elsewhere — in the United States, for example, where blends are usually 10% bioethanol. With minor modification engines can be converted to run on even higher concentrations of biofuel and a handful of independent garages currently sell 100% biodiesel — about nine around the UK, according to www.biodieselfillingstations.co.uk — and claim most diesel cars can run on it without alteration. The price per litre is about 89p: comparable with the price of conventional diesel.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are about the same (comparing biodiesel with diesel and bioethanol with petrol) but the equivalent amount of CO2 released when the fuel is burnt will be reabsorbed through photosynthesis by the next crop of plants, so the CO2 is effectively recycled. Engines that run on biodiesel also produce lower particulate pollution and nitrogen oxide emissions.
“For the next 50 years at least, biofuels are likely to be the most effective alternative to fossil fuels,” says Peter Clery, chairman of Babfo.
What is Bio-Ethanol?
The principle fuel used as a petrol substitute for road transport vehicles is bioethanol. Bioethanol fuel is mainly produced by the sugar fermentation process, although it can also be manufactured by the chemical process of reacting ethylene with steam.
The main sources of sugar required to produce ethanol come from fuel or energy crops. These crops are grown specifically for energy use and include corn, maize and wheat crops, waste straw, willow and popular trees, sawdust, reed canary grass, cord grasses, jerusalem artichoke, myscanthus and sorghum plants. There is also ongoing research and development into the use of municipal solid wastes to produce ethanol fuel.
Ethanol or ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH) is a clear colourless liquid, it is biodegradable, low in toxicity and causes little environmental pollution if spilt. Ethanol burns to produce carbon dioxide and water. Ethanol is a high octane fuel and has replaced lead as an octane enhancer in petrol. By blending ethanol with gasoline we can also oxygenate the fuel mixture so it burns more completely and reduces polluting emissions. Ethanol fuel blends are widely sold in the United States. The most common blend is 10% ethanol and 90% petrol (E10). Vehicle engines require no modifications to run on E10 and vehicle warranties are unaffected also. Only flexible fuel vehicles can run on up to 85% ethanol and 15% petrol blends (E85).
What are the Benifits of Bio-Ethanol?
Bioethanol has a number of advantages over conventional fuels. It comes from a renewable resource i.e. crops and not from a finite resource and the crops it derives from can grow well in the UK (like cereals, sugar beet and maize). Another benefit over fossil fuels is the greenhouse gas emissions. The road transport network accounts for 22% (www.foodfen.org.uk) of all greenhouse gas emissions and through the use of bioethanol, some of these emissions will be reduced as the fuel crops absorb the CO2 they emit through growing. Also, blending bioethanol with petrol will help extend the life of the UK’s diminishing oil supplies and ensure greater fuel security, avoiding heavy reliance on oil producing nations. By encouraging bioethanol’s use, the rural economy would also receive a boost from growing the necessary crops. Bioethanol is also biodegradable and far less toxic that fossil fuels. In addition, by using bioethanol in older engines can help reduce the amount of carbon monoxide produced by the vehicle thus improving air quality. Another advantage of bioethanol is the ease with which it can be easily integrated into the existing road transport fuel system. In quantities up to 5%, bioethanol can be blended with conventional fuel without the need of engine modifications. Bioethanol is produced using familiar methods, such as fermentation, and it can be distributed using the same petrol forecourts and transportation systems as before.
We have all the bio-fuel and mineral by-products for sale to commercial markets. Click on the links to the left for specific information on each product. Fill out the appropriate product inquiry and a CMI representative will contact within 48 hours.
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